EA SusWatch Ebulletin May 2020

Uganda meets more than 93% of its energy demand from biomass. The demand for firewood for cooking exceeds supply, leading to deforestation. fuel wood is largely used for cooking in rural areas while charcoal mostly provides for the cooking needs of the urban population. High demand for fuelwood used inefficiently results in overuse and depletion of forests. Uganda is facing a significant threat to its forest cover that has declined from 24% (or 4.9 million ha) in 1990 to 9% (1.83 million ha) in 2018, accounting for a loss of (loss of 3 million ha) in just 25 years (ENR CSO Network, 2018). As the land available is becoming scarce, households prefer to use the land for food crops rather than planting trees.