Environmental degradation has become a global reality. The findings in this report point to the environmental degradation in the Katonga River catchment area of Rakai and Mubende. It is evident that environmental degradation not only compromises the ecosystem but also affects livelihoods luring communities to encroach on the environment. Overcoming the environmental challenges in the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB) requires concerted efforts to widen livelihood opportunities for communities within the region. Implementation of LVEMP II through Community Driven Development (CDD) sub projects is timely but should preferably be actualized in collaboration with other stakeholders for better results to ensure sustainability. The findings in this report are a benchmark essential for assessing the project and to inform subsequent planning.